WORLDWIDE ZIKA EXPERTS GATHER IN BALI

Webinar : Addressing the Global Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance

Webinar : Addressing the Global Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance
Save the date December 3rd, 2019 at 1:00 - 2:45 pm GMT +7

Implementation of the National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance

Connecting Organizations for Regional Disease Surveillance

Asia Partnership on Emerging Infectious Diseases Research

University of San Francisco

Ending Pandemic

1. Objectives

  1. To describe current practices and challenges of the National Action Plan on AMR in key study countries
  2. To analyze the gap of needs and opportunities for improvement of the implementation of the National Action Plan on AMR in key study countries 
  3. To generate discussion among participants and panelists on best practices and challenges of AMR National Action Plans implementation

 

2. Background

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a serious threat in the world. In 2016, the number of death that related to AMR reach 700,000 per year and will be estimated to increase to 10,000,000 per year by 2050[1]. World Health Organization (WHO) reported 490,000 people developed multi-drug resistant TB globally in 2016, and drug resistance is starting to complicate the fight against HIV and malaria. The threat of AMR not only affecting humans but also agriculture, livestock, and fisheries sectors. In 2010, Antimicrobial used in livestock estimated reach 63,151 tons. It is related to the massive used of antimicrobial in several developing countries, for instance, Brazil, China, Indonesia, Peru, Myanmar, and Nigeria[2]. Threatening impact of AMR lies from wide implication and extend beyond increased health risk and economic losses nationally, regionally, and globally.

 

In 2014, Health Assembly in keeping with resolution WHA67.25 requested the development of the global action plan on AMR, which was reflective of the global consensus that AMR was a major threat to human health. At the 68th World Health Assembly in May 2015, the global action plan (GAP) was ratified in response to the acknowledgment of this emerging crisis with five strategic objectives. Broad and coordinated approach is the commitment of global leaders to address the root causes of AMR across multiple sectors, for human health, animal health and agriculture, according to the high-level meeting on AMR of United Nations General Assembly in 2016. Another important point on GAP AMR was the overarching requirements that all member states should develop their own, tailor-made National Action Plans on AMR (NAP AMR) that is in line with the national condition of the respective member state.

 

A baseline understanding of the local AMR situation, along with the key gaps and available capacities, is the result of the contextually-driven NAP AMR framing process. Valuable information served by it, allows different countries to customize their NAP AMR as per their local realities. All countries need to implement NAP to monitor, prevent, detect and respond to infections caused by AMR. However, several challenges of AMR NAP implementation still lie in every country. Similar challenges and situations of AMR found within a regional area. For instance, in the South-East Asia region, the high burden of infectious diseases, unregulated sale of antibiotics, widespread antibiotic use in animal farming, and inadequate Public Health infrastructure & sanitation and hygiene challenge the implementation AMR NAP in this region. Those facts lead to the understanding of the needs of collaboration, coordination, and communication among all countries within a regional area for AMR NAP implementation. These efforts will bring greater impact as every country can share and learn from other countries experience in AMR NAP implementation.    

Realizing the importance of collaboration, coordination, and communication in preparing and implementing AMR NAP, The Asia Partnership on Emerging Infectious Disease Research (APEIR) in collaboration with the Ending Pandemics, Connecting Organization for Regional Disease Surveillance (CORDS), and University of San Francisco will hold a Webinar on NAP AMR implementation. The event is designed to discuss the best practices and the opportunities for improvement of the implementation of the National Action Plan on AMR in the countries. The webinar will be attended by APEIR and CORDS network countries. There will be presentations NAP on AMR case study from Indonesia and the Philippines.   

 

Register Link:

https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_xpsKufPuTreTR_M2xyQskA

[1] Jim O’Neil. Antimicrobial Resistance: Tackling crisis for the health and wealth of nations (HM Government: Riview on Antimicrobial Resistance, 2014). P5 

[2] Thomas P. V Baoeckel, Charles Brower, Marius Gilbert, et.al. Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals. (United States of America: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2015). 112(18). 5649-5654